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Astronomers observe unprecedented detail in pulsar 6,500 light-years from Earth 5nvklj





Astronomers observe unprecedented detail in pulsar 6,500 light-years from Earth 9tpt39

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Astronomers observe unprecedented detail in pulsar 6,500 light-years from Earth

Dragon
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Astronomers observe unprecedented detail in pulsar 6,500 light-years from Earth Empty Astronomers observe unprecedented detail in pulsar 6,500 light-years from Earth

Post by Dragon Mon May 28, 2018 12:49 am

team of astronomers has performed one of the highest resolution observations in astronomical history by observing two intense regions of radiation, 20 kilometres apart, around a star 6500 light-years away.

The observation is equivalent to using a telescope on Earth to see a flea on the surface of Pluto.

The extraordinary observation was made possible by the rare geometry and characteristics of a pair of stars orbiting each other. One is a cool, lightweight star called a brown dwarf, which features a "wake" or comet-like tail of gas. The other is an exotic, rapidly spinning star called a pulsar.

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Astronomers observe unprecedented detail in pulsar 6,500 light-years from Earth 334pu7m
Dragon
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Post by Dragon Mon May 28, 2018 12:51 am

Astronomers observe unprecedented detail in pulsar 6,500 light-years from Earth 2-astronomerso
Credit: Dr. Mark A. Garlick; Dunlap Institute for Astronomy & Astrophysics, University of Toronto

The pulsar PSR B1957+20 is seen in the background through the cloud of gas enveloping its brown dwarf star companion.

Source / Image Courtesy


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Astronomers observe unprecedented detail in pulsar 6,500 light-years from Earth 334pu7m
Dragon
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Post by Dragon Mon May 28, 2018 12:52 am



This animation shows a black widow pulsar like J0952 together with its small stellar companion, as seen from within their orbital plane.

Powerful radiation and the pulsar's "wind" — an outflow of high-energy particles — strongly heat the facing side of the companion, evaporating it over time.


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Astronomers observe unprecedented detail in pulsar 6,500 light-years from Earth 334pu7m
Dragon
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Astronomers observe unprecedented detail in pulsar 6,500 light-years from Earth Empty Re: Astronomers observe unprecedented detail in pulsar 6,500 light-years from Earth

Post by Dragon Mon May 28, 2018 12:52 am



In late June 2013, an exceptional binary system containing a rapidly spinning neutron star underwent a dramatic change in behavior never before observed. The pulsar's radio beacon vanished, while at the same time the system brightened fivefold in gamma rays, the most powerful form of light, according to measurements by NASA's Fermi Gamma-ray Space Telescope.

The system, known as AY Sextantis, is located about 4,400 light-years away in the constellation Sextans. It pairs a 1.7-millisecond pulsar named PSR J1023+0038 -- J1023 for short -- with a star containing about one-fifth the mass of the sun. The stars complete an orbit in only 4.8 hours, which places them so close together that the pulsar will gradually evaporate its companion.


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Astronomers observe unprecedented detail in pulsar 6,500 light-years from Earth 334pu7m

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