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Lightning impacts edge of space in ways not previously observed 5nvklj





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Lightning impacts edge of space in ways not previously observed

Dragon
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Lightning impacts edge of space in ways not previously observed Empty Lightning impacts edge of space in ways not previously observed

Post by Dragon Tue Jun 15, 2021 2:49 am

Solar flares jetting out from the sun and thunderstorms generated on Earth impact the planet's ionosphere in different ways, which have implications for the ability to conduct long range communications.

A team of researchers working with data collected by the Incoherent Scatter Radar (ISR) at the Arecibo Observatory, satellites, and lightning detectors in Puerto Rico have for the first time examined the simultaneous impacts of thunderstorms and solar flares on the ionospheric D-region (often referred to as the edge of space).

In the first of its kind analysis, the team determined that solar flares and lightning from thunderstorms trigger unique changes to that edge of space, which is used for long-range communications such the GPS found in vehicles and airplanes.


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Lightning impacts edge of space in ways not previously observed 334pu7m
Dragon
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Post by Dragon Tue Jun 15, 2021 2:51 am

Lightning impacts edge of space in ways not previously observed First-of-its-kind-stud
Credit: NASA/STEREO/Helioviewer

A solar flare erupted on the far side of the sun on June 4, 2011.


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Lightning impacts edge of space in ways not previously observed 334pu7m
Dragon
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Post by Dragon Tue Jun 15, 2021 2:52 am



This view of the event was captured by the Solar Dynamics Observatory (SDO) in 304 wavelength.

The Sun unleashed an M-2 (medium-sized) solar flare, an S1-class (minor) radiation storm and a spectacular coronal mass ejection (CME) on June 7, 2011 from sunspot complex 1226-1227.

A large cloud of particles mushroomed up and fell back down looking as if it covered an area of almost half the solar surface.


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Lightning impacts edge of space in ways not previously observed 334pu7m
Dragon
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Post by Dragon Tue Jun 15, 2021 2:56 am



From NASA's Scientific Visualization Studio.

Solar flares may seem like far-away events, but they can damage satellites and even ground-based technologies and power grids.

Every 11 years, as the sun reaches its maximum activity they become bigger and more common, and that increases the chances that one will significantly affect Earth.

A solar flare is basically an explosion on the surface of the sun ranging from minutes to hours in length.

Large flares can release enough energy to power the entire United States for a million years.

Flares happen when the powerful magnetic fields in and around the sun reconnect.

They're usually associated with active regions, often seen as sunspots, where the magnetic fields are strongest.


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Lightning impacts edge of space in ways not previously observed 334pu7m

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