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A cosmic amethyst in a dying star

Dragon
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A cosmic amethyst in a dying star Empty A cosmic amethyst in a dying star

Post by Dragon Fri Nov 13, 2020 3:08 am

On Earth, amethysts can form when gas bubbles in lava cool under the right conditions. In space, a dying star with a mass similar to the Sun is capable of producing a structure on par with the appeal of these beautiful gems.

As stars like the Sun run through their fuel, they cast off their outer layers and the core of the star shrinks. Using NASA's Chandra X-ray Observatory, astronomers have found a bubble of ultra-hot gas at the center of one of these expiring stars, a planetary nebula in our galaxy called IC 4593.

At a distance of about 7,800 light years from Earth, IC 4593 is the most distant planetary nebula yet detected with Chandra.

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A cosmic amethyst in a dying star 334pu7m
Dragon
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Post by Dragon Fri Nov 13, 2020 3:10 am

A cosmic amethyst in a dying star Acosmicameth
Credit: X-ray: NASA/CXC/UNAM/J. Toalá et al.; Optical: NASA/STScI

This new image of IC 4593 has X-rays from Chandra in purple, invoking similarities to amethysts found in geodes around the globe. The bubble detected by Chandra is from gas that has been heated to over a million degrees.

These high temperatures were likely generated by material that blew away from the shrunken core of the star and crashed into gas that had previously been ejected by the star.

This composite image also contains visible light data from the Hubble Space Telescope (pink and green).

The pink regions in the Hubble image are the overlap of emission from cooler gas composed of a combination of nitrogen, oxygen, and hydrogen, while the green emission is mainly from nitrogen.

Source / Image Courtesy


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A cosmic amethyst in a dying star 334pu7m
Dragon
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A cosmic amethyst in a dying star Empty Re: A cosmic amethyst in a dying star

Post by Dragon Fri Nov 13, 2020 3:11 am



When stars like the Sun run out of fuel, the core shrinks and they shed their outer layers.

This phase of stellar evolution is called a 'planetary nebula'.

NASA's Chandra X-ray Observatory has detected a bubble of superheated gas at the center of one.


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A cosmic amethyst in a dying star 334pu7m
Dragon
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A cosmic amethyst in a dying star Empty Re: A cosmic amethyst in a dying star

Post by Dragon Fri Nov 13, 2020 3:13 am



This new image of IC 4593 has X-rays from Chandra in purple, invoking similarities to amethysts found in geodes around the globe. The plum-colored bubble detected by Chandra is from gas that has been heated to over a million degrees.

These high temperatures were likely generated by material that blew away from the shrunken core of the star and crashed into gas that had previously been ejected by the star.

Astronomers also found evidence for a point-like X-ray source at the center of IC 4593. This X-ray emission has higher energies than the bubble of hot gas.

The point source could be from the star that discarded its outer layers to form the planetary nebula or it could be from a possible companion star in this system.


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