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TESS Discovers First Known Ultrahot Neptune 5nvklj





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TESS Discovers First Known Ultrahot Neptune

Dragon
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TESS Discovers First Known Ultrahot Neptune Empty TESS Discovers First Known Ultrahot Neptune

Post by Dragon Fri Oct 02, 2020 5:22 am

Astronomers have discovered an ultra-short-period Neptune-sized exoplanet orbiting the bright Sun-like star LTT 9779.

LTT 9779 is a G8-type star located 260 light-years away in the constellation of Sculptor.

Also known as TOI-193, CD-38 15670 and HIC 117883, the star is around 2 billion years old and is metal-rich, having twice the amount of iron in its atmosphere than the Sun.

Named LTT 9779b, the newfound planet orbits so close to its star that its year lasts only 19 hours, and stellar radiation heats the planet to 1,727 degrees Celsius (3,141 degrees Fahrenheit). At these temperatures, heavy elements like iron can be ionized in the atmosphere and molecules disassociated.

The alien world is 4.6 times larger than Earth and 29 times as massive. Its mean density is similar to that of Neptune and its atmosphere makes up around 9% of the total planetary mass.

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TESS Discovers First Known Ultrahot Neptune 334pu7m
Dragon
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Post by Dragon Fri Oct 02, 2020 5:23 am

TESS Discovers First Known Ultrahot Neptune Image_8906-LTT-9779b
Image credit: Ricardo Ramirez, Universidad de Chile.

An artist’s impression of the ultrahot Neptune LTT 9779b and its parent star, LTT 9779.

Source / Image Courtesy


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TESS Discovers First Known Ultrahot Neptune 334pu7m
Dragon
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Post by Dragon Fri Oct 02, 2020 5:24 am



Measurements from NASAs Transiting Exoplanet Survey Satellite (TESS) have enabled astronomers to greatly improve their understanding of the bizarre environment of KELT-9 b, one of the hottest planets known.


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TESS Discovers First Known Ultrahot Neptune 334pu7m

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