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Dark matter clumps in galaxy clusters bend light  5nvklj





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Dark matter clumps in galaxy clusters bend light

Dragon
Dragon
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Post by Dragon Sun Sep 27, 2020 6:17 pm

Dark matter just got even more puzzling.

This unidentified stuff, which makes up most of the mass in the cosmos, is invisible but detectable by the way it gravitationally tugs on objects like stars.

Dark matter’s gravity can also bend light traveling from distant galaxies to Earth — but now some of this mysterious substance appears to be bending light more than it’s supposed to.

A surprising number of dark matter clumps in distant clusters of galaxies severely warp background light from other objects, researchers report in the Sept. 11 Science.

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Dark matter clumps in galaxy clusters bend light  334pu7m
Dragon
Dragon
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Post by Dragon Sun Sep 27, 2020 6:18 pm

Dark matter clumps in galaxy clusters bend light  091020_MT_galaxy-cluster_feat-1028x579
Hubble/ESA and NASA

Observations of 11 galaxy clusters, such as MACSJ1206.2-0847 (shown), reveal that some globs of dark matter in these clusters are denser than expected.

Source / Image Courtesy


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Dark matter clumps in galaxy clusters bend light  334pu7m
Dragon
Dragon
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Join date : 2018-01-18

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Post by Dragon Sun Sep 27, 2020 6:20 pm



Thanks to new observations using the Hubble Space Telescope, scientists believe they have strong evidence for one of the most widely accepted and coolest dark matter theories yet: cold dark matter.

Cold refers to the slow speed at which the particles move, with hypothetical warm and hot dark matter particles moving faster. These slow moving “cold” dark matter particles are the only dark matter particles that can congregate in smaller clumps—so small, in fact, that astronomers devised a new way of searching for them using the Hubble Space Telescope.

Astronomers used the telescope to hunt for quasars, the regions around active black holes where superheated matter emits tons of light. But not just any quasar would do—Hubble had to find a quasar that was almost perfectly aligned behind an entire massive galaxy.



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