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Check out the first-ever map of the solar corona’s magnetic field 5nvklj





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Check out the first-ever map of the solar corona’s magnetic field

Dragon
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Check out the first-ever map of the solar corona’s magnetic field Empty Check out the first-ever map of the solar corona’s magnetic field

Post by Dragon Fri Aug 21, 2020 3:39 pm

The sun’s wispy upper atmosphere, called the corona, is an ever-changing jungle of sizzling plasma. But mapping the strength of the magnetic fields that largely control that behavior has proved elusive. The fields are weak and the brightness of the sun outshines its corona.

Now though, observations taken using a specialized instrument called a coronagraph to block out the sun’s bright disk have allowed solar physicists to measure the speed and intensity of waves rippling through coronal plasma (SN: 3/19/09). “This is the first time we’ve mapped the coronal magnetic field on a large scale,” says Steven Tomczyk, a solar physicist at the High Altitude Observatory in Boulder, Colo., who designed the coronagraph.

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Check out the first-ever map of the solar corona’s magnetic field 334pu7m
Dragon
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Check out the first-ever map of the solar corona’s magnetic field Empty Re: Check out the first-ever map of the solar corona’s magnetic field

Post by Dragon Fri Aug 21, 2020 3:41 pm

Check out the first-ever map of the solar corona’s magnetic field 082020_lg_mappingsun_feat_alt-1028x579
Credit: Z.-H. Yang et al/Science 2020

The colored fringes of this image show the strength of the corona’s magnetic field, from lower strength (blue) to higher (yellow). The whole field’s strength is just a fraction that of a refrigerator magnet. The image of the sun in the middle was taken by NASA’s Solar Dynamics Observatory.

Source / Image Courtesy



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Check out the first-ever map of the solar corona’s magnetic field 334pu7m
Dragon
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Check out the first-ever map of the solar corona’s magnetic field Empty Re: Check out the first-ever map of the solar corona’s magnetic field

Post by Dragon Fri Aug 21, 2020 3:43 pm



Understanding the Magnetic Sun

We can observe the shape of the magnetic fields above the sun's surface because they guide the motion of that plasma – the loops and towers of material in the corona glow brightly in EUV images.

Additionally, the footpoints on the sun’s surface, or photosphere, of these magnetic loops can be more precisely measured using an instrument called a magnetograph, which measures the strength and direction of magnetic fields.


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Check out the first-ever map of the solar corona’s magnetic field 334pu7m
Dragon
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Check out the first-ever map of the solar corona’s magnetic field Empty Re: Check out the first-ever map of the solar corona’s magnetic field

Post by Dragon Fri Aug 21, 2020 3:45 pm



The Daniel K. Inouye Solar Telescope has produced the highest resolution observations of the Sun’s surface ever taken. In this movie, taken at a wavelength of 705nm over a period of 10 minutes, we can see features as small as 30km (18 miles) in size for the first time ever.

The movie shows the turbulent, “boiling” gas that covers the entire sun. The cell-like structures – each about the size of Texas – are the signature of violent motions that transport heat from the inside of the sun to its surface.

Hot solar material (plasma) rises in the bright centers of “cells,” cools off and then sinks below the surface in dark lanes in a process known as convection. In these dark lanes we can also see the tiny, bright markers of magnetic fields.

Never before seen to this clarity, these bright specks are thought to channel energy up into the outer layers of the solar atmosphere called the corona. These bright spots may be at the core of why the solar corona is more than a million degrees!


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Check out the first-ever map of the solar corona’s magnetic field 334pu7m

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