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 Dust clouds can explain puzzling features of active galactic nuclei 5nvklj





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Dust clouds can explain puzzling features of active galactic nuclei

Dragon
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 Dust clouds can explain puzzling features of active galactic nuclei Empty Dust clouds can explain puzzling features of active galactic nuclei

Post by Dragon Tue Jun 19, 2018 7:38 pm

Researchers at the University of California, Santa Cruz (UCSC), believe clouds of dust, rather than twin black holes, can explain the features found in active galactic nuclei (AGNs). The team publish their results today (14 June) in a paper in Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society.

Many large galaxies have an AGN, a small bright central region powered by matter spiralling into a supermassive black hole. When these black holes are vigorously swallowing matter, they are surrounded by hot, rapidly-moving gas known as the "broad-line region" (so-called because the spectral lines from this region are broadened by the rapid motion of the gas).

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 Dust clouds can explain puzzling features of active galactic nuclei 334pu7m
Dragon
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Post by Dragon Tue Jun 19, 2018 7:39 pm

 Dust clouds can explain puzzling features of active galactic nuclei 5b2276d01ecab
Credit: Peter Z. Harrington

An artist’s impression of what an active galactic nucleus might look like at close quarters. The accretion disk produces the brilliant light in the centre. The broad-line region is just above the accretion disk and lost in the glare. Dust clouds are being driven upwards by the intense radiation.

Source / Image Courtesy


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 Dust clouds can explain puzzling features of active galactic nuclei 334pu7m
Dragon
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Post by Dragon Tue Jun 19, 2018 7:41 pm



At the hearts of most big galaxies, including our own Milky Way, there lurks a supermassive black hole weighing millions to billions of times the sun's mass. As gas falls toward a supermassive black hole, it gathers into a so-called accretion disk and becomes compressed and heated, ultimately emitting X-rays.

The centers of some galaxies produce unusually powerful emission that exceeds the sun's energy output by billions of times. These are active galactic nuclei, or AGN.


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 Dust clouds can explain puzzling features of active galactic nuclei 334pu7m
Dragon
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 Dust clouds can explain puzzling features of active galactic nuclei Empty Re: Dust clouds can explain puzzling features of active galactic nuclei

Post by Dragon Tue Jun 19, 2018 7:42 pm



A team of astronomers using the NASA/ESA Hubble Space Telescope’s Wide Field Camera 3 (WFC3) have conducted a large survey to investigate the relationship between galaxies that have undergone mergers and the activity of the supermassive black holes at their cores.

The team studied a large selection of galaxies with extremely luminous centres — known as active galactic nuclei (AGNs) — thought to be the result of large quantities of heated matter circling around and being consumed by a supermassive black hole.

Although it is now clear that a galactic merger is almost certainly necessary for a galaxy to host a supermassive black hole with relativistic jets, the team deduce that there must be additional conditions which need to be met. They speculate that the collision of one galaxy with another produces a supermassive black hole with jets when the central black hole is spinning faster — possibly as a result of meeting another black hole of a similar mass — as the excess energy extracted from the black hole’s rotation would power the jets.


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 Dust clouds can explain puzzling features of active galactic nuclei 334pu7m

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